Is Jesus God? Is Jesus our Eternal Father? Is Jesus almighty God? These are questions it is important for each of us to consider scripturally. Take special note as we do so: Is our viewing Jesus as a God to us, the same as viewing him as Almighty God?

Whether Jesus is Almighty God is a point causing much disagreement among professed Christians. The reason for the disunity lies in our need to consider [and understand] several scriptures in order to arrive at an answer which is supported by the entire Bible. Being familiar with only a few of the scriptures discussing this matter can lead even a sincere person to believe in an untruth. These questions don't normally come up as people simply study the Bible. Most Christians will arrive at a clear understanding of the relationship between Jesus and his Father naturally, as part of gaining familiarity with the Bible. When these questions do come up, they are usually raised by someone who has strong feelings about their answer; And a desire to align you with their thinking. [That is true for us as well!] All the disagreement about the relationship between Jesus and God makes it important to address each of our opening questions from the Bible. Be careful: Once a person develops a blind faith in a small portion of the scriptures, [which provide only an incomplete or wrong understanding,] it can be hard to let go of. It is important that every single scripture harmonizes with what you believe to be truth. Put more accurately: It is important that what you believe to be truth is supported by the entire Bible. The solution to this problem is to avoid building a dogmatic faith in only a small portion of the Bible. (A person could, for example, build strong faith in the law of "eye for eye and tooth for tooth," and completely miss what the Bible is teaching [about loving-kindness and forgiveness].)

We find asking whether Jesus is Almighty God evokes powerful feelings in many who claim Christianity. Most will be ready to point a judgmental finger at those who disagree with their viewpoint. Some even assert those who don't share their view are wicked and/or are unworthy of life. As in all matters, let us remain students of God's word by striving to understand what the Bible teaches: Whatever that answer may prove to be... (Romans 3:4) We all want to have things be very simple of course: "What is your question?" and then "yes" or "no" is the answer; That is how we like it to be! The question we herein ask, however, can not be answered with a knee-jerk yes or no? (Hebrews 5:14) As you examine the Bible for the answers, be cautious about being predisposed to believing one way or the other. Simply listen to the scriptures and let the Bible teach you! Remember, your understanding must be based on what "all the scriptures" (2 Timothy 3:16-17) teach us about this (or any) subject. We must be careful not to build our faith on just a small part of the Bible's teachings. People who pick and choose which scriptures to put faint in can make the Bible say anything they want it to say. Whether we are persons who listen to what the Bible really teaches, or who pick and choose scriptures; That is what determines if we truly are Christians (students of Christ's teachings). (John 8:31-32 ; Matthew 7:21-23 ; 2 Timothy 4:3) Understanding the Bible means our very life! (John 17:3)

In seeking an answer for these questions sequentially, then, what does the Bible say about our first question: Is Jesus God? Thomas conveyed, as recorded in John, that Jesus was his God: (John 20:26-29) 26 Well, eight days later his disciples were again indoors, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, although the doors were locked, and he stood in their midst and said: "May you have peace." 27 Next he said to Thomas: "Put your finger here, and see my hands, and take your hand and stick it into my side, and stop being unbelieving but become believing." 28 In answer Thomas said to him: "My Lord and my God!" 29 Jesus said to him: "Because you have seen me have you believed? Happy are those who do not see and yet believe."
     Jesus didn't rebuke Thomas for calling him God, but commended his faith. The Bible refers to Jesus as God in other places as well: (Isaiah 9:6-7) 6 For there has been a child born to us, there has been a son given to us; and the princely rule will come to be upon his shoulder. And his name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. 7 To the abundance of the princely rule and to peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David and upon his kingdom in order to establish it firmly and to sustain it by means of justice and by means of righteousness, from now on and to time indefinite. The very zeal of Jehovah of armies will do this.
     Clearly then, the Bible teaches us Jesus is our God. We must be careful, however, not to use these few scriptures and rush to assume that also means Jesus is almighty God. Let us examine what else the Bible has to say!

What about our second question: Is Jesus our Eternal Father? That was also answered in Isaiah 9:6-7 considered above. The Bible's answer is yes, Jesus can be referred to as our Eternal Father. It is scripturally appropriated to refer to him as our eternal father, and/or, as our God. We don't want to stop with this limited knowledge, however, but need to consider what additional light the Bible sheds on the relationship between Jesus and his Father? Remember: It is "all scripture which is inspired by God and beneficial... for teaching and for setting things straight." (2 Timothy 3:16-17) If the scriptures that follow seem at first contradictory, please persist to allow the Bible to present the full answer to the questions we started by asking. You will be rewarded to find there is no contradiction in the Bible.

What is the scriptural answer to our third question: Is Jesus almighty God? Jesus himself said at John 14:28: "You heard that I said to you, I am going away and I am coming [back] to you. If you loved me, you would rejoice that I am going my way to the Father, because the Father is greater than I am."
     Jesus there stated his Father was greater than he was, and he went on to say his Father had a will separate from that of his own: (Matthew 26:39) "And going a little way forward, he fell upon his face, praying and saying: "My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from me. Yet, not as I will, but as you will." Jesus wrestled to make certain his own will was in harmony with his Father's will.
     Jesus also said his Father knew things he did not know: (Matthew 24:36) "Concerning that day and hour nobody knows, neither the angels of the heavens nor the Son, but only the Father."
     Jesus told his followers it was not up to him to decide who would sit at his right and left hand in his Kingdom. He said that decision was his Father's. (Matthew 20:20-23)
     Jesus said he would make a defense before his Father of all those who talked with others about what Jesus taught them. (Matthew 10:32-33)
     Jesus said it was the will of his Father that we should place faith in Jesus as God's son: (John 6:40) "For this is the will of my Father, that everyone that beholds the Son and exercises faith in him should have everlasting life, and I will resurrect him at the last day."
     Perhaps most important for us to be aware of is that Jehovah God himself stated clearly who Jesus was: (Matthew 3:17) Look! Also, there was a voice from the heavens that said: "This is my Son, the beloved, whom I have approved." Again, Jesus's own Father said: (Matthew 17:5) While he was yet speaking, look! a bright cloud overshadowed them, and, look! a voice out of the cloud, saying: "This is my Son, the beloved, whom I have approved; listen to him."

The scriptural answer to the third question, in the words of both Jesus and his Father, then, is no: Jesus is not almighty God. Jesus was sent forth by Almighty God, as he said in prayer: (John 17:6-8) 6 "I have made your name manifest to the men you gave me out of the world. They were yours, and you gave them to me, and they have observed your word. 7 They have now come to know that all the things you gave me are from you; 8 because the sayings that you gave me I have given to them, and they have received them and have certainly come to know that I came out as your representative, and they have believed that you sent me forth." Just prior to that, Jesus said: (John 17:3) "This means everlasting life, their taking in knowledge of you, the only true God, and of the one whom you sent forth, Jesus Christ." Jesus taught clearly and plainly: We must come to know both he and his Father. Jesus's Father Jehovah is his God, and Jehovah is our Almighty God! (John 20:17) 17 'Jesus said to her: "Stop clinging to me. For I have not yet ascended to the Father. But be on your way to my brothers and say to them, 'I am ascending to my Father and your Father and to my God and your God.'"' Jesus said to the Jews who were not putting faith in him as God's son: (John 8:54-55) 54 'Jesus answered: "If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father that glorifies me, he who you say is your God; 55 and yet you have not known him. But I know him. And if I said I do not know him I should be like you, a liar. But I do know him and am observing his word."' Clearly, it is important for each of us to know both Jesus and his Father.

Jesus stated over and over he was the son of God: Mark 14:61-62 ALT (61) But He was keeping silent and answered nothing. Again the high priest was questioning Him, and says to Him, "Are You the Christ-the Son of the Blessed [One]?" (62) So Jesus said, "I am. And you* will see 'the Son of Humanity sitting at the right hand of the Power' and 'coming with the clouds of heaven [or, the sky].'" [Psalm 110:1; Dan 7:13,14] As John told us, Jesus came to explain who his Father is: (John 1:17-18) The [Law] Teachings were given through Moses, but kindness and truth came into existence through Jesus Christ. (18) No one has ever seen God. God's only Son, the one who is closest to the Father's heart, has made him known.

John the Baptist also stated Jesus was God's son as in John 1:29-34.

Some have trouble letting go of predetermined beliefs, and so make this all very confusing for themselves. They will make it confusing for you if you allow them. Such persons want to assert they understand some kind of equality between Jesus and Almighty God. They usually teach the relationship between Jesus and Jehovah is some kind of "divine mystery," which you are not able to understand. They will then insist you must, even without understanding, express "faith in their mystery" to gain salvation. The Bible is inspired by God for the very purpose of giving us knowledge of both Almighty God and of his son. (John 17:3) From Jesus own words above we can understand Jesus was not confused; He worshiped his Father the same as he taught us to do. In further support of that idea: (John 4:34) 'Jesus said to them: "My food is for me to do the will of him that sent me and to finish his work."' Bible knowledge keeps us from being misled to believe Jesus is Almighty God. (Mark 12:24) If you associate with a group who expects you to put faith in assertions by them which are not clearly supported in the Bible, often doing so by using terminology for their doctrine which is not even found in the Bible, you are in danger: You could not possibly know which assertions to believe. (Acts 17:11) The testimony about false God's put forth by men are endless. (Acts 19:35) The Bible is our protection against all such teachings. (Mark 12:24 ; Acts 17:11) A sobering question regarding this matter is: Could people who say Jesus is Almighty God be making a false God out of God's own son? Remember: The Jews believed in the Father Jehovah, but rejected his son Christ Jesus. (Matthew 23:37-39 ; John 16:3) It is possible for us to make the opposite error: By rejecting the Father as we assert his son Jesus is God Almighty! (Matthew 11:27)

A little further examination of the Bible will help us more clearly understand the above scriptures. The Bible clearly explains how Jesus can be God to us, and can be our Eternal Father; Without at the same time being our Almighty God. Jehovah had recorded in the Bible book of Exodus that he made Moses God to Pharaoh. Moses had a personal relationship with God, but Pharaoh had no connection with God except through his exposure to Moses. Pharaoh made the choice to worship false god's, so the true God would not deal with him directly. God explained that Moses would say to Pharaoh what God told him to speak, and so Moses would act as God to Pharaoh. [(Exodus 7:1-2) "Consequently Jehovah said to Moses: 'See, I have made you God to Pharaoh, and Aaron your own brother will become your prophet. 2 You-you will speak all that I shall command you; and Aaron your brother will do the speaking to Pharaoh, and he must send the sons of Israel away from his land.] None of us imagine that scripture to mean Pharaoh would believe Moses actually was almighty God. Pharaoh should have respected Moses as God's representative, and in that sense, Moses was God to Pharaoh. [The Bible explains Jesus would speak what his Father taught him, the same as Moses did with Pharaoh. Jesus is often referred to as the greater Moses. (Acts 3:22)]

There are a few other scriptures some will try to use out of harmony with those we have considered; Trying to use them to assert Jesus and his Father are actually one being [and are equal]: (John 14:9) Jesus said to his followers: "Have I been with you men so long a time, and yet, Philip, you have not come to know me? He that has seen me has seen the Father [also]". . . Then at John 10:30 Jesus said: "I and the Father are one."

Right after saying he and his Father were one however, Jesus continued in that same prayer to his Father that his followers would become one, just as he is one with his Father: (John 17:11) "Also, I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world and I am coming to you. Holy Father, watch over them on account of your own name which you have given me, in order that they may be one just as we are." Jesus didn't imagine his followers would become one being, but would become one in their purpose of life. As to Jesus's statement that knowing him meant knowing his Father: People often say if you have seen the son of some man, you have seen the man as well. By this they mean the little boy is very similar to his father. So it is with Jesus. (John 5:19 ; John 4:34) In that same discourse Jesus said it meant life [food] to be able to do his Father's will. (John 4:34 ; John 5:30) In that sense, then, if you have seen Jesus you have seen his Father. We can know the Father through knowing his son: (1 Corinthians 2:16) That because Jesus's chosen life purpose is to do his Father's will and to make it known. Showing his concern for his Father's will, it is worth taking note of one of the last things Jesus did as his very life was draining away: (John 19:28-30) CEV (28) Jesus knew that he had now finished his work. And in order to make the Scriptures come true, he said, "I am thirsty!" [Psalm 22:15] (29) A jar of cheap wine was there. Someone then soaked a sponge with the wine and held it up to Jesus's mouth on the stem of a hyssop plant. [Psalm 69:21] (30) After Jesus drank the wine, he said, "Everything is done!" He bowed his head and died. In the midst of all he was suffering, the last thing on Jesus's mind was seeing that his Father's prophecy from Psalm 69 was fulfilled. (Hebrews 10:5-7)

One scripture which rings perhaps most clearly on this matter, is the statement by Jesus in prayer to his Father during the last few moments of his life. In behalf of those putting him to a most horrible death, Jesus prayed to his Father: (Luke 23:34) "Father forgive them for they do not know what they are doing." Right down to the moment of his death, Jesus prayed to his Father; And even after his resurrection, Jesus himself referred to his Father as his God. (John 20:17)

There is no contradiction in any of these scriptures; Unless you try to make them fit something you already believe! Some confuse it for themselves by trying to imagine [or to teach] Jesus was subject to his Father while he was a man, but then became equal with God when resurrected to heaven. Again, however, the Bible leaves no room for error. In 1 Corinthians, the 15th chapter, we read: (1 Corinthians 15:20-28 CEV) But Christ has been raised to life! And he makes us certain that others will also be raised to life. (21) Just as we will die because of Adam, we will be raised to life because of Christ. (22) Adam brought death to all of us, and Christ will bring life to all of us. (23) But we must each wait our turn. Christ was the first to be raised to life, and his people will be raised to life when he returns. (24) Then after Christ has destroyed all powers and forces, the end will come, and he will give the kingdom to God the Father. (25) Christ will rule until he puts all his enemies under his power, (26) and the last enemy he destroys will be death. (27) When the Scriptures say that he will put everything under his power, they don't include God. It was God who put everything under the power of Christ. (28) After everything is under the power of God's Son, he will put himself under the power of God, who put everything under his Son's power. Then God will mean everything to everyone. (Isaiah 11:9) Note verse 27 of 1 Corinthians 15 says God subjected all things under the feet of his son Jesus. Then verse 28 says that does not include Jehovah, as it is obvious the one doing the subjecting is not subject to his son. The Bible goes on to say that after all badness and even death is done away with, Jesus will subject himself to the Father, that Jehovah may be all things to all people. Paradise will have been restored. (Isaiah 11:1-12) Understanding the relationship Jesus has with his Father is important!!! Protect yourself from being deceived by learning what your Bible teaches. (Mark 12:24)

Considering all the scriptures which comment on this matter then, it is easy to understand: Jesus is our God just as Moses was God to Pharaoh. Jesus teaches us only what his Father taught him. (John 12:48-50) Jesus is our Eternal Father, because he sacrificed his life to buy ours: To buy us out of the death brought on us by Adam. Adam [and Eve and satan] sold us into slavery to death before ever we were born [without our having any say in the matter]. (Romans 6:4-7) The son of God came to break up the works of God's enemy, and save us from the fate of Adamic death. (1 John 3:8b) The Bible teaches Jesus is not however, God almighty. (Revelation 4:9-5:7) Our Almighty God is Jesus's Father Jehovah God. (John 14:28) With these few scriptures explained, we find Jesus over and over and over, extolled the glory of his Father. (John 8:54-55 ; John 20:17) Jesus said it meant our very life; our taking in knowledge of both of them; his Father; and the son whom the Father sent. (John 17:3)

There is danger here: If you are persuaded to believe Jesus and his Father are one being, or that both are part of some three headed God, in will undermine your ability to grasp much of what the Bible is teaching us by means of the relationship between Jehovah and his son Jesus. One important principle that would be lost to such a belief is recognizing our Father's ability to render judgment. Satan was not created wicked. (Ezekiel 28:14-15) He made himself wicked when he allowed desires he cultivated to change his heart into that of a liar. (John 8:42-44) A liar is what he chose to become. Satan slandered our Father by saying God's rulership is bad. (Genesis 3:2-4) Because of what the previously perfect satan chose to become, Jehovah judged him wicked and pronounced death upon him. (Matthew 25:41 ; Revelation 20:14) The judgment against satan will never change, because satan will never change: Jehovah's having the ability to know that is what makes his judgment perfect. God first came to know who satan chose to become, and then to pronounce judgment accordingly. Being a good son, Jesus was judged just the opposite. Jesus was judged righteous by Jehovah before ever God selected him for that most important assignment: To allow Jesus to offer himself willingly so as to break up the works of the devil [devil meaning "resister of God"]. (Hebrews 10:7) Our Father had come to know his son Jesus so well, He could know Jesus would never prove unfaithful. (Proverbs 8:22-31) Having this knowledge about the relationship between God and his son helps us comprehend and have faith that God's judgment is perfect. When Jehovah announced in the garden of Eden that he would raise up a seed to destroy Satan, he was prophesying that seed would prove faithful; Even at any cost - even to death. Jesus had [and has] free will, and could have chosen what ever he wanted. If Jesus had not proved faithful, would his failure have made God a liar? Thankfully, Jesus did prove faithful, illustrating Jehovah's judgment is perfect. Jehovah knows who Jesus is to his very core! When Jesus chose to allow himself to die a horrible death on a torture stake, his choice showed him to be righteous, and proved his Father's judgment of him was perfect. (Romans 5:6-11) In the yet future part of the "end times," when Jesus returns the kingdom and rulership to his Father, (1 Corinthians 15:24) it will for all eternally prove God's rulership is righteous. Jesus would never return the kingdom to his Father if Jehovah's rulership were lacking in any way. Thus, at the mouth of two witnesses, God's righteousness is established forever. (John 8:17-18) Jesus will surely accomplish the will of this Father, by reestablishing the earth wide paradise his Father started when he created the Garden of Eden. (John 6:32-34 ; John 6:37-40) Peace will abound earth wide. (Romans 15:7-13) The earth will be full of people who recognize Jehovah as almighty God, and Jesus as their eternal father and king. (Isaiah 11:1-12) Everyone will understand Jesus was made god to us by virtue of his mediating for us with his Father. (1 Timothy 2:3-6) Jesus will always be our king, but once we are brought to perfection, we will most likely communicate with God directly even as perfect Adam did. (Genesis 1:28 ; Genesis 3:8-10 ; John 16:23) What ever part Jesus continues to play in our lives, Jehovah will be our Almighty God forever; (1 Corinthians 15:24-28) And Jesus will forever be his firstborn son. (Colossians 1:15)

May we be among those understanding the Bible well enough to know both the Almighty God Jehovah, and our reigning King Christ Jesus! Peace (Luke 10:5-6) to you and yours, just as you seek faith based on Bible truth. We join with Paul in praying: "Now may the God who supplies endurance and comfort grant YOU to have among yourselves the same mental attitude that Christ Jesus had, that with one accord YOU may with one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ." (Romans 15:5-6)

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